How can I write a scientific paper?
A scientific work deals with a topic that is worked out systematically and logically. The structure of a scientific work is divided into an introduction, main part and conclusion. This is followed by the bibliography and often an affidavit.
What must an academic paper contain?
A scientific work can be recognized in its structure by certain features: On top is a cover sheet with the name, contact details and matriculation number of the student, as well as the title of the work and information on the lecturer, course and university.
Which words should not be used in a scientific paper?
Even subjective words have no place in a scientific text. Words like “natural”, “logically”, “of course” or even “beautiful”, “fantastic”, “super” or “wonderful” should be avoided. The same applies to exaggerations such as “very”, “extreme”, “really” and “superb”.
What goes in a glossary?
A glossary consists of two columns. Left-aligned are the terms that should be printed in bold. On the right are the respective explanations. A glossary can be used for the following terms: foreign words, technical terms, proper nouns, dates and events.
What are scientific criteria?
Quality criterion objectivity. A scientific work must be objective. This means that the research results and their presentation must be independent of the researcher/writer. The aim of scientific research is to make statements that can be generalized as far as possible.
What are quality criteria in research?
Validity, reliability and objectivity – quality criteria for quantitative research. When conducting quantitative research, there are three criteria to look out for: validity, reliability, and objectivity.
What quality criteria are there?
Quality criteria guarantee the quality of your investigation and ensure that your results are scientifically valid. For quantitative research, there are three quality criteria that your research must meet: validity, reliability and objectivity.
What are quality criteria in psychology?
The following quality criteria are used: objectivity (independence of the test results from the test situation and the test administrator), reliability (formal reliability or measurement accuracy), validity (content validity) and practicability (scientific economy).
When is a test valid?
A valid test measures what it is intended to measure. If a test is intended to measure a person’s visual acuity, but actually measures the lighting conditions (because sometimes the stimuli are not illuminated enough, sometimes they are too dazzling), the test is not valid.
Can a test be reliable but not valid?
A test that is not objective cannot be reliable and valid. And a test that is objective but not reliable can also be denied validity without further verification. In exactly the same way, it is also possible for a test to measure very objectively and very reliably, but not validly.
How high should reliability be?
Values from 0.7 are considered acceptable, from 0.8 as good (Bühner, 2011). Another measure of internal consistency can be calculated using the split-half method, in which the test is split into two parts and the correlation of the two parts is reported as the internal consistency value.
What is a valid?
Validity (Latin validus “strong” “effective”; English validity; also: Validity) is (in addition to reliability and objectivity) a quality criterion for models, measurement or test procedures.
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