How did the Egyptians water their fields?
Irrigation methods on the Nile have their origins around 5000 years ago, when the Egyptians began not only to till the areas flooded by the Nile, but also to systematically use the annual floods to irrigate specially cultivated fields.
Why did people settle?
The Nile was the lifeline of ancient Egypt. Every summer, due to the monsoon rains in Central Africa, the Nile burst its banks, where fertile mud was deposited. Therefore, the living conditions there were particularly favorable and the early high culture was able to develop widely.
Why is there no more flooding of the Nile today?
The heavy monsoon rains in the Ethiopian highlands are the reason for the floods. By washing out in the plateaus, the Nile water is enriched there with mineral-rich silt, which transforms the riparian land into arable land. Life in this region would hardly be possible without the flooding of the Nile.
What was grown along the Nile?
Cotton is mainly grown in the north, sugar cane in the south. Sugar cane is immediately processed in factories along the Nile. The Egyptians also grow bananas, corn, rice, wheat, millet, potatoes, barley and onions, as well as citrus fruits, dates, figs, mangoes and melons.
What happened when the tide of the Nile rose higher than normal?
The Nile is about 6671 km long and flows from south to north. What happened when the Nile’s tide rose higher than normal? The land was flooded and the water went up to the houses, which were then destroyed.
Why is the Nile a gift to Egypt?
Egypt is considered a gift from the Nile – the river brought water and was the source of all life. The annual flood, which deposited fertile Nile mud on the fields, formed the basis for agriculture, animal husbandry and the development of stockpiling.
Why does the water level of the Nile fluctuate?
The effect of the fluctuations is intensified by the fact that several water-poor years often follow one another, as do several water-rich years. In the 1960s, the Nile carried a lot of water, while the 1980s had low water levels.
Can the Nile dry up?
This sets off a chain reaction at the end of which Africa’s longest river, the Nile, dries up and is just a trickle at its mouth on the Mediterranean Sea. The lake is believed to be the source of the Blue Nile, and when many icebergs were floating in the North Atlantic 17,000 years ago, it dried up completely.
What would Egypt be without the Nile?
The noise of Cairo is far away as long as it floats on the Nile. Almost 23 million people live in Greater Cairo. Without the Nile, Egypt would be just a desert. And my life would also be desolate and empty without the Nile,” says Ahmed Abdel Hadi.
Is the Nile the longest river in the world?
With a total length of 6,671 kilometers, the Nile is the longest river in the world. It rises in the mountains of Rwanda and makes its way through Tanzania, Uganda, Sudan and Egypt to the Mediterranean Sea.
How clean is the Nile?
Today, the waste water goes to a reprocessing plant, emphasizes Kima. But the fact is: on the Nile it stinks of chemicals. “The Nile water is relatively clean up to Aswan. You can see how beautifully clear and blue it is,” says Ahmed Zaki Abu Kenez, who heads an environmental organization dedicated to protecting the Nile.
Can you still swim in the Nile?
A bath in the Nile can have bad consequences. The disease is also known as schistosomiasis. Basically, it is a possible sequela of cercarial dermatitis. The so-called “Katayama fever” can show up as a subsequent disease due to egg laying.
What lives in the Nile?
Winter holidays for birds. Since Egypt is crossed by the Nile, many waterfowl live there, especially in the north of Egypt in the Nile delta. Egyptian geese, but also herons and cranes, which also live with us, populate the banks of the Nile.
Where are crocodiles in the Nile?
Nile crocodiles living in freedom in Egypt are actually only found in the Nasser reservoir. In the Nile near Cairo, where children from poor families occasionally bathe in the river, no crocodile had been sighted for a long time.
In which countries do crocodiles live?
Crocodiles live in rivers and lakes in the tropics and subtropics, only the saltwater crocodile can also live in the sea and is often found on the coasts of Australia and various islands in Southeast Asia.
Where does the Nile crocodile live?
The Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus) is a species of crocodile (Crocodylia) from the family of real crocodiles (Crocodylidae). Normally growing to a length of 3–4 m, the species inhabits waters throughout Africa and feeds mostly on fish.
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