How do I quote bachelor theses?
If you quote from a bachelor thesis, you must therefore add the addition unpublished in the source. If a bachelor thesis or master thesis is publicly available, e.g. B. with a URL or in a library, it is possible to quote them.
How do I cite a gray literature?
If your gray literature is citable, you can cite it with a reference in the text and an entry in the bibliography. The references differ depending on the type of source.
How do I quote a working paper?
“Gray literature” (working papers, discussion papers etc.): Author’s name, first name Year: Title: Subtitle (series, number). Location: Issuing institution, if applicable
Which texts can be quoted?
In principle, all academic texts that are e.g. B. be kept in the university library or department library. This includes, among other things: monographs, manuals, articles from scientific journals and articles from specialist lexicons.
Are working papers citable?
Working papers are therefore generally quotable, but you should reflect critically on the content.
What is a working paper?
Working papers, working papers or discussion papers are project-specific publications under the direction of the institution or the professorship. They publish current research results in a freely accessible manner. They are particularly widespread in economics.
Are textbooks citable?
Textbooks summarize the knowledge of a subject in a compressed form and are based on published scientific sources. They are therefore classified as a secondary source. It is better to cite the original source. In some departments, quoting from textbooks is permitted.
Is Wikipedia citable?
However, citing with Wikipedia is considered a no-go in academic work and often leads to a poorer evaluation of the work, although citing internet sources is allowed. In fact, Wikipedia does not guarantee the professional qualifications and the identity of the authors.
Are non-fiction books citable?
This includes popular scientific publications such as non-fiction books and guides, but also journalistic publications in magazines and newspapers (cf. also literature from the Internet should only be used if it has been checked for its scientific nature.
Are scripts citable?
Yes and no! If the citation rules you are working by specifically state that scripts or textbooks are not citable, then you need to adhere to them. Scripts and textbooks are wonderful materials to study. They are of course based on research literature, but mostly don’t go into the details.
Are Laws Quotable?
Regardless of the citation style, laws are always cited in the same way. The reference is in brackets in the running text or in the footnote, depending on how it is cited. Always cite the official version of the law: § 81 paragraph 1 sentence 3 BGB.
Is the mirror quotable?
Which sources are considered worth citing? Can I quote from “Spiegel” or “Page” etc.? Public magazines and other non-scientific literature are generally not worth quoting, they cannot be used for scientific argumentation.
Is the Spiegel online reputable?
Der Spiegel – the magazine – is seen by most as very serious. But that doesn’t mean that you can take everything you read at face value. Of course you have to think too! Serious newspapers also contain comments and glosses.
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