How do I quote from the Basic Law?
Regardless of the citation style, laws are always cited in the same way. Depending on how it is cited, the reference is in brackets in the running text or in the footnote … Always cite the official version of the law: § 81 paragraph 1 sentence 3 BGB. § 81 paragraph 1 sentence 3 BGB. § 81 I 3 BGB. German Bundestag, 2019, p. 556.
What do two paragraphs mean?
– If you want to refer to several paragraphs in a text, the symbol is used twice, for example §§ 433 ff. This is pronounced as “paragraph four hundred and thirty-three following”. Yes, there is, the § means a single paragraph, the §§ means several paragraphs.
What do two paragraph characters mean in a row?
In the German-speaking world, “§” is used as a paragraph character. If you refer to more than one paragraph, two paragraph signs are placed next to each other: “§§”. The origin of the paragraph mark is controversial and is discussed in the article paragraph mark.
What is a paragraph?
Legal texts and contracts. This word comes from the Greek and means something like “written on the side”. The best known is the term “paragraph” in legal texts. The term is also used frequently in contracts and in academic papers.
How many paragraphs are there?
In Germany, 1,681 federal laws and many times more state laws apply. There are also 2,711 federal ordinances and a multiple of state ordinances. Since the legislature of 20 was not inactive, one wonders whether a document from 2014 can be meaningful for 2016 at all.
How many laws are there in Germany in total?
Number of laws As of December 31, 2009, German federal law comprised 1,924 laws and 3,440 ordinances with a total of 76,382 articles and paragraphs (information according to reference A, without amendment regulations and standards for international agreements).
What are all the codes of law?
Social Code (SGB) Commercial Code (HGB) Civil Code (BGB) Criminal Code (StGB)
What kind of laws are there?
Types of Laws Directive. The directive can be adopted by the Council alone or jointly with Parliament or the Commission. Regulation. Decision. Codecision procedure. Consultation process. Consent process. Procedure of cooperation.
What are legal texts?
1) the exact and complete wording of a law, as decided by a competent body. Origin of the term: determinative compound from law, joint element -es and text.
What is the difference between law and rules?
ME is a law, a rule ordered by the state, which, if ignored, can lead to sanctions, i.e. penalties. First and foremost, rules are behaviors that apply to people’s interaction with one another. …
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