How do you get bipolar disorder?
Most researchers today assume that bipolar disorder arises from the interaction of biological, psychological and social factors. Those affected are genetically more likely to develop the disorder, which is known as genetic vulnerability.
How are bipolar people?
Bipolar disorders are severe, chronic mental illnesses that are characterized by manic and depressive mood swings. The mania presents itself as an exaggerated feeling of excitement and those affected are mostly overactive, euphoric or irritable at the same time.
How Bad is Bipolar Disorder?
People who are depressed have difficulty concentrating and have impaired attention. They also find it difficult to make decisions. Finally, feelings of worthlessness and guilt arise. Thoughts of suicide are also possible, which make this episode of bipolar disorder very dangerous.
How long does a manic phase last?
The duration of the episodes can vary between a few days, several months, and years. On average, a disease episode lasts between four and twelve months in untreated patients. Manic and depressive phases can occur individually or overlap.
What are manic symptoms?
Patients suffering from mania show an elevated mood that is not adapted to the situation. Those affected show cheerfulness or even uncontrollable excitement. You experience increased drive and overactivity. In addition, the patients feel a reduced need for sleep.
How does a manic phase end?
This manic phase usually ends with a slide into depression. This slipping is particularly dangerous because in this phase the patient still has the euphoric drive of mania, but already suffers from the mood of depression.
Can you cure manic depression?
Bipolar disorder: treatment. The diagnosis of “bipolar disorder” urgently requires the use of medication. The drugs not only reduce the depressive and manic phases, they also lower the risk of suicide. Psychotherapeutic treatment is just as important as drug therapy.
What happens after a manic phase?
After a manic episode, people are often overwhelmed by feelings of guilt and shame and try to undo what they did during the mania. It is very difficult for outsiders to deal with a mania.
How do you know if you are manically depressed?
Symptoms: Episodes of mania and depression Those affected go through depressive phases with deepest mood holes and manic phases with euphoric or unusually irritable mood with significantly increased drive. If the manic episodes are rather weak, one speaks of hypomanic phases.
How does a manic depressive behave?
Manic (high) phases alternate with depressive (low) phases without this being able to be controlled at will. Features of mania include increased activity, restlessness, the urge to talk, leaps in ideas and thoughts, poor concentration, and reckless or foolhardy behavior.
What happens in the brain when I have bipolar disorder?
Much research suggests that bipolar disorder is a disease of the brain. It could be proven that the brain metabolism and the brain messenger substances dopamine, noradrenaline, serotonin and GABA function abnormally.
What Happens If You Don’t Treat Bipolar Disorder?
Be sure to treat “The longer a bipolar disorder is not treated, the worse the prognosis,” warned the psychiatrist. If left untreated, the emotional states change more and more frequently. Doctors speak of a “rapid cycle” when the patient undergoes four or more changes per year.
Can You Live With Bipolar Disorder?
Treating the disease and learning to live with it Bipolar disorders are now easily treatable. Doctors generally differentiate between acute and preventive treatment.
What is dangerous about lithium?
Lithium is flammable. Many reactions can cause fire or explosion. It gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or the gases) in the fire. Lithium is also explosive: the risk of fire and explosion arises on contact with flammable substances and water.
Can bipolar disorder be inherited?
The causes of bipolar disorder have not yet been fully clarified. Family clusters and twin studies suggest that there is a genetic component to this. However, bipolar disorder is not a hereditary disease in the classic sense, that is, it is not directly passed on.
How many people have bipolar disorder?
1 to 3 in 100 people will develop bipolar disorder at some point in their lives. In contrast to the purely depressive illnesses, women and men are affected equally often. Often people with bipolar disorder have other mental illnesses, such as:
What to do as a relative in case of bipolar disorder?
Bipolar diseases – information for relatives Above all, those affected need genuine understanding, support in coping with their everyday lives and social integration – compassion is of little help to them. The benefits of self-help are widely accepted.
Can manic depressed people get aggressive?
Impulse control is disturbed in a person with bipolar disease. The cheerful mood can suddenly turn into aggression. People with bipolar disorder typically display agitated behavior during manic episodes. In mania, those affected have irrepressible energy.
What medications do you take for bipolar disorder?
The most important mood stabilizers include: lithium, carbamazepine, valproate, lamotrigine, and modern atypical drugs – especially quetiapine, aripiprazole, risperidone and olanzapine.
What does lithium do in depression?
Lithium salts are used to alleviate and prevent depressive and manic-depressive episodes. In Germany around four million people currently suffer from depression that requires treatment. About two-thirds of patients who receive an antidepressant do not work well enough.
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