How does the irrigation system work in Egypt?
The Egyptian farmers built dyked basins in which the water was stored for many weeks, thus thoroughly moistening the soil. In places where the flood water did not reach, the water was channeled into the field basins from small branch canals.
What is grown along the Nile?
Cotton is mainly grown in the north, sugar cane in the south. Sugar cane is immediately processed in factories along the Nile. The Egyptians also grow bananas, corn, rice, wheat, millet, potatoes, barley and onions, as well as citrus fruits, dates, figs, mangoes and melons.
Why is the Nile called a gift in Egypt?
Egypt is considered a gift from the Nile – the river brought water and was the source of all life. The annual flood, which deposited fertile Nile mud on the fields, formed the basis for agriculture, animal husbandry and the development of stockpiling.
How does the Aswan Dam work?
In 1960, work began on the Aswan High Dam. A monumental building was created that has since enabled farmers to have year-round irrigation and protected them from flooding. Also, the region can now be powered by turbines.
How does a dam work explained to children?
A dam is a large wall built by humans. It dams a river into a lake so that electricity can be generated. The water is then higher than it would normally be, covering the land below. People who live in the valley above the dam therefore have to move.
When was the Aswan High Dam built?
January 9, 1960
When was the Aswan High Dam opened?
July 21, 1970
Who built the Aswan Dam?
When was the temple moved from Abu Simbel?
In the early 1960s, the world-famous temple complex in Abu Simbel, Egypt, was about to be flooded. She was transferred in an unprecedented UNESCO rescue operation involving over 50 nations. Construction work ended 50 years ago.
Was there an island before the Aswan Dam?
The old Aswan High Dam is located between the high dam and the city area six kilometers southwest of the city center. From here to Aswan the Nile flows around several islands, the northernmost of which, Elephantine and Kitchener Island, belong to the city today.
Where is Lake Nasser?
Lake Nasser (Arabic بحيرة ناصر, DMG Buḥairat Nāṣir), named after the former Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser, is the reservoir created in Egypt by the dam as-Sadd al-ʿĀlī ( السدّ العالي , also known as the Aswan High Dam) in the Nile Valley , which is south of Aswan.
How wide is the Aswan High Dam?
The dam is more than 3800 meters long and 111 meters high, 980 meters at the base and about 40 meters wide at the crown.
Where is the largest dam in the world?
The world’s largest damsThe Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River in China is the most powerful dam in the world. The lock chambers of the Three Gorges Dam are among the largest in the world. The reservoir created by the dam wall extends more than 600 kilometers through the famous Three Gorges.
Where is the largest hydroelectric power station in the world?
The largest hydroelectric power station in the world – The Three Gorges Dam. Frankfurt am Main, August 2014 – The Three Gorges Dam in China is a structure of gigantic proportions: the dam wall is 185 meters high and 2,309 meters long.
How high is the tallest dam in the world?
The Nurek rubble dam is 300 m high and 704 m long. Above the Nurek Dam, the construction of the Rogun Dam officially started in 2016. It is said to be 335 m high, making it the tallest dam in the world.
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