How to quote If no year?
a) No date on the cited page. If the date of publication or the last update of the source is not displayed on the cited website, this information is not omitted but rather by the note “o. J. “(ie without year).
How to quote when year is unknown?
If the year of publication is unknown, the author is followed by the abbreviation ‘o. D. ‚(= without date). Example: Source with an unknown year of publication The most common means of payment in Germany is PayPal (Müller, o.
How do you quote a homepage?
Every website or website must be cited by author (if shown) or by publisher (if shown; otherwise use the legal notice) and thus also be sorted in the list of sources: author / publisher, year of publication, website title.
How do you include translations in the bibliography?
It does not have to be stated that it is a translation. However, when translating a quote, it is recommended to include the page numbers. The original source is mentioned in the bibliography, possibly with a translation of the title between square brackets.
How do I include doctoral titles in the bibliography?
The source types are sorted alphabetically (last name of the author / publisher). Doctorate / academic degrees are not mentioned. Only the literature to which you refer in your work (e.g. in footnotes) is included in the bibliography.
How do I list the Bible in the bibliography?
Any Bible editions used in the work must be listed in the bibliography under “Sources”. The proof of translated Bible editions looks like this: The Bible based on the translation by Martin Luther, Stuttgart 1984 – reprint 2002. All other translated Bibles are based on this scheme.
How do I enter secondary literature?
To quote a secondary quote, first state the original source, followed by the addition ‘quoted from’ and the source in which you found the quote. Only the source that you have actually read is listed in the bibliography. In this case it is secondary literature.
How do I enter literature correctly?
The following components and the following order must be observed in a bibliography: Author / editors.Title (“Book title) Subtitle. Volume reference or edition (exception: 1st edition) Place of publication.Publisher. Year of publication.
How do I quote a series?
If a monograph appears in a book series, the title of the series and the corresponding volume are given according to the following citation rule: Last name, first name: title. Subtitle. Series title Volume, place of publication, year of publication.
How do I quote Kant correctly?
Kant is quoted with the title of the work and the volume and page number of the so-called “Academy Edition” (Kant’s collected writings, Berlin 1902ff). But there is one important exception here: The Critique of Pure Reason is used after the 1st edition (A) or the 2nd edition.
How do you quote Aristotle?
Quoting rule for Aristotle (level 1): Aristotle is quoted with the indication of the Bekker side, the Bekker column and the (possibly approximate) Bekker line. Rule for citing fragments of the older Stoa (level 1): Whenever there is an SVF number, this must be given (SVF = Stoicorum Veterum Fragmenta).
Is a translation primary literature?
The translation of primary literature is also considered primary literature. The reason for this is that the statement of the primary literature is not changed. Secondary literature, on the other hand, is created on the basis of primary literature.
Visit the rest of the site for more useful and informative articles!