Pansies – care tips and useful information
Spring comes with the beautiful flowers of the violas
The pansies are typical early bloomers that can be grown in pots, flower boxes or directly in the garden. They delight our eyes and souls even on the first days of spring. There is no doubt that the pansies are among the popular spring flowers of many hobby gardeners not only in Germany, but also worldwide. These small natural beauties are still known by their Latin name – viola, in some areas across the country they are also called violets. These belong to the violet family (Violaceae). The genus includes around 500 species that are less or more widespread in Germany. The garden pansies and horned violets are the most popular and popular varieties. There are types of violets that occur freely in nature. The interesting thing about all violas is the arrangement of their petals. The lowest petal is called “the stepmother” and it covers the lateral leaves, the “daughters”. This explains the widespread name pansy. The flowers are usually multicolored. Typical colors are white, yellow and purple. With the violas, however, there is a real variety of colors, because they can also be colored in midnight blue, wine red or bright orange. The pansies look very delicate in pastel colors such as light pink or sky blue. The flowers can be spotted, striped or bordered, some varieties have a black eye in the middle, others lack it.
The pansies are actually annual, biennial or perennial herbs that thrive well with little care. They can be found in many countries in Asia and Europe, but also in America and Australia, where the climate is temperate. You can easily grow the violets on the balcony in flower boxes, in pots or other flower containers at home or care for them outside in the garden in flower beds. They bloom from the beginning of April until late summer and fill your indoor or outdoor space with lots of color, happiness and a good mood. Choose a location in full sun to partial shade for your pansies and water them moderately. You need to be very careful with watering and fertilizing so as not to damage these petite beauties. They don’t like waterlogging, as this could lead to rot. Also, do not use strong fertilizers, a nutrient-rich, low-lime substrate would be perfect for them. It is also advisable to remove all withered flowers as often as possible, thus extending the flowering time of your pansies.
Most varieties of pansy are hardy. In principle, they are not afraid of frost or snow. However, you can protect your violets from the cold outside temperatures by covering them with leaves or brushwood. So they overwinter without any problems and look cautiously out of the ground when the first warm rays of sunshine arrive.
Our extra tip:
Put the pansies next to tulips or daffodils in the garden and enjoy the splendor of these garden flowers in spring!
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