The pansies are delicate biennial garden flowers that have been known in Europe since 1536. The process of cultivating them has a long history, it first began in England. In 1850 French, Belgian and German florists were busy selecting these beautiful garden flowers. The original forms of the current varieties, which grow 15-20 cm high and have a pleasant smell, are Viola tricolor (wild tri-colored pansy), Viola lutea (wild pansy with yellow flowers) and Viola altaica. The aim of the selection was the creation of strong, well-formed flowers, early and profuse blooming, low height of the flower, improvement of its endurance in winter and creation of disease-resistant specimens. The different species that are planted today are a blessed result of around 200 years of efforts by specialists.
There are early and late blooming varieties, with small and strong flowers, single-colored, multicolored, with “little eyes” and with “rays” (fine lines instead of the eye). The color combinations of the pansies are inexhaustible. The pretty garden flowers bloom in September / October and March / April, so you can enjoy their delicate beauty and wonderful scent even until December, if the weather outside is favorable. The usual season for the pansies is spring. The specimens planted in autumn can hibernate in pots, but the peak of their flowering period comes later in spring. The pansies usually have many flower buds that bloom all at once with all their might. From June onwards, the flowers get an unsightly appearance and have to be plucked frequently. Then you have to plant the free space in the garden with new flowers.
See below for more information on caring for pansies
Flowering time: Depending on the variety in autumn and spring.
Origin: Europe, Siberia, Altai, North Africa
Location: sunny to partially shaded
Substrate: well-drained, loamy-humic, nutrient-rich
Planting: the bought or self-propagated specimens should be planted 10-15 cm apart.
Irrigation: Do not allow the soil to dry out or excessive watering during the growth phase.
Fertilization: once every two weeks
Other: Regularly cut off and remove dead flowers
Wintering: the flowers planted in autumn overwinter without protection or only covered with pine branches. Where the climate is not favorable, the pots should be moved to a bright room, where the temperatures do not drop below 0 degrees.
Important: The plants should not dry out in winter. If they dry out, they should be watered moderately on warm days.
Diseases and pests: Leaf spot disease, gray mold, powdery mildew and downy mildew, aphids.
Propagation: by seeds in June or July. The soil should not be dry. The young specimens must overwinter under suitable temperature conditions and in spring they should be planted in beds or pots.
Tips: The pansies look best when they are used in larger garden areas. This is why you choose wider pots.
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