Primroses are very popular in Germany as garden and house plants. They enchant us in the middle of winter and bring a good mood into our rather gray everyday life. The primroses are still delighting in February our eyen and soul with their wonderful colors and fascinate us with their blossoms. They are the first heralds of spring heralding the end of the winter cold.
There are certainly over 500 species of Primula. They originally come from the southern provinces of China, Tibet and Thailand. In this country are them under the name Cowslips particularly popular. These are absolutely easy to care for and for this reason also very suitable for inexperienced hobby gardeners. These winter beauties lead the New Year and deserve theirs Latin Names – Primula, which means “First”. They bloom in winter and present us with their wonderful flowers in perfect color combinations from white and yellow to orange and red to blue and lavender. For example, one of the best-selling potted plants in winter is the pillow primrose (Primula acaulis), which is a great eye-catcher in the interior and creates a wonderful splash of color.
As a potted plant, the primrose does very well at home until it is brought outside when the weather is good. In the room, the goblet primrose (Primula obconica) needs a bright, but not too sunny position. If it’s a little cooler there, the better for the flower. That doesn’t bother you in any way, on the contrary! The primrose will bloom longer at something low Room temperatures. Therefore, choose a really suitable place at home for them!
As a houseplant, the primrose does not require any special care. It must be watered regularly with lukewarm water that is low in lime. But never let the potting soil of your winter beauty dry completely, but avoid any waterlogging, as this could be fatal for the primroses. If you enrich the potting soil with fertilizers every two weeks, that would be just perfect for your primroses in the pot and they will show you their adorable flowers for a long time. As already mentioned, you can bring the beautiful indoor flowers out into the garden or on the balcony when the weather is good, but the primroses must be brought back inside when the first frost occurs.
The primroses are hardy perennials and they thrive outside in the garden or in the flower box on the terrace. Experienced hobby gardeners can also use them as a ground cover or as a great addition to the rock garden. Temperatures below zero cannot harm these flowers. Outside they need a partially shaded to sunny location. The soil should be relatively dry, in which, however, no waterlogging should collect. Field the soil with compost in spring and water the beautiful early bloomers regularly while they are in bloom. Its bright colors will delight your eyes and soul for a long time if you regularly remove the dead flowers as well as damaged leaves.
More interesting facts about the primroses that you might be interested in:
- The individual primrose species reach different heights. It ranges from the very low 5 cm high varieties to the typical 20 cm high primroses and there are also those that grow up to 60 cm in height. The leaves stand together in rosettes, the flowers number from 2 to 25 in beautiful inflorescences. They are so colorful that they are always real eye-catchers indoors or outdoors.
- Viny people know that the beautiful ornamental plant also has medicinal properties. This can alleviate the symptoms of the disease. The dried rhizome and the flowers of the primrose are used for catarrh of the respiratory tract, mainly as tea. This promotes the formation of mucus and makes it easier to expectorate.
- If you want to alleviate a cold with primrose tea, here is the tried and tested recipe: Pour 150 ml of hot water over 1 teaspoon of dried flowers, let it steep for 10 minutes and drink in small sips.
Do you already have the beautiful heralds of spring at home or in the garden or do you only want to get some pots with colorful primroses now?
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