What are secondary sources?
The pair of terms primary source / secondary source refers, among other things, in historical studies to the traditional connection between sources. A secondary source can be used to find out what was in the (possibly lost) primary source.
What kind of sources are there?
There are four large groups into which sources can be divided: material sources (buildings and works of art, coins, clothing, …) image sources (artistic representations) written sources (newspapers, letters, …) abstract sources (legends, folk festivals, …)
What kind of objective sources are there?
Real sources, also known as material sources or objective sources, are objects that have been passed down directly, as well as remains from which historical information about the time of their creation and use can be obtained.
What are material sources examples?
Material sources are objects from bygone times that have been more or less well preserved to this day. Above all, this includes buildings. For example the pyramids: they can still be admired in Egypt today.
What are image sources examples?
The image sources include, for example, paintings, drawings, films or photos. Just like material sources (objects), image sources are always dependent on written statements, because images only ever show a section. They don’t tell us why this picture was created or what the meaning of it is.
What is an image source?
Image sources give us a visual idea of the past. For this reason, they are often only used to illustrate representations and texts about past times. This overlooks the fact that image sources should be questioned just as critically as text sources.
What is a text source?
In historical studies, sources are – according to the much-cited definition by Paul Kirn – “all texts, objects or facts from which knowledge of the past can be gained”. The research interests of the respective historian are decisive for the definition of a source.
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