What are the causes of juvenile delinquency?
Violence against others – or against yourself Many of these young people feel neglected and left behind by society. The frustration about this leads to violence against others – or against yourself. A third main reason for youth violence is drugs and alcohol.
How can you prevent crime among young people?
the financial support of communal, socially integrative primary prevention measures, which aim to create the prerequisites through political and social action to prevent the entry into crime: additional educational offers before or after school lessons, student and parent counseling.
What are the most common crimes?
In the crime statistics they consist of the following five main areas with two sub-areas: 23.6%, 720 cases: Murder 211 StGB. 52.2%, 1,595 cases: manslaughter and homicide on request 212, 213, 216 StGB. 21.7%, 662 cases: negligent homicide 222 StGB not i. Further entries …
What types of juvenile delinquency are there?
The most common offenses are: damage to property, theft, stealth (e.g. fare dodging or tax evasion).
What kinds of crimes are there?
These are examples of serious offenses according to the StGB: murder, bodily harm resulting in death, coercion, robbery, fraud, bribery, hostage-taking, arson.
What is juvenile delinquency?
One speaks of youth violence when people between the ages of 14 and under 18 commit acts of violence. They are punished according to youth criminal law, which is regulated in the Youth Courts Act (JGG).
What are the penalties for juvenile delinquency?
A youth penalty for offenses can be imposed on young people (14 to 18 year olds) from 6 months to 5 years; a maximum sentence of 10 years for crimes.
Until when does juvenile criminal law apply?
The Youth Courts Act (JGG) applies in Germany for the transition period. It can be used without restriction for young people, ie for people who were between 14 and 17 years of age at the time of the offense (Section 1, Paragraph 2, Halbs.
Who is an adolescent under youth criminal law?
According to Section 1 (2) of the Youth Courts Act (JGG), an adolescent in Germany is anyone who is 18 years of age but not yet 21 years of age.
Who is responsible for criminal proceedings against offenders under the age of 21?
Responsibility for juvenile criminal proceedings As a rule, the district court at the defendant’s place of residence is responsible for juvenile criminal proceedings. In contrast to adults, the procedure should in principle take place where its implementation burdens the defendant the least because of his young age.
Why juvenile criminal law up to 21?
At the latest if the act was committed after the 21st birthday, juvenile criminal law is no longer applicable but only adult criminal law. Juvenile criminal law can be applied to adolescents for two reasons: Either because there is a lack of youthfulness or a delay in maturity.
What is the maximum youth penalty?
(1) 1The minimum youth penalty is six months, the maximum five years. 2If the act is a crime for which a maximum sentence of more than ten years imprisonment is threatened according to general criminal law, the maximum is ten years.
What does 5 years youth penalty mean?
The youth penalty generally lasts at least 6 months and a maximum of 5 years (Section 18 (1) sentence 1 JGG). If the act is a crime for which a maximum sentence of more than ten years’ imprisonment is threatened according to general criminal law, the maximum is 10 years (Section 18 subs.
What possibilities of punishment does a juvenile court have?
The Youth Courts Act provides for three groups of possible legal consequences. The judge can choose between educational measures, discipline and juvenile punishment. The deviating regulation is to be explained with the meaning and purpose of juvenile criminal law.
What can a juvenile judge order?
(2) In addition to juvenile punishment, the judge can only issue instructions and conditions and order the guardianship. If the young person is under probation supervision, a simultaneously existing legal guardian is suspended until the probation period expires.
Who is the juvenile court responsible for and how is it composed?
The juvenile court is composed of the president and two assessors (Art. 7 JStPO). In the process, the protection and education of young people are essential.
What is considered discipline in juvenile criminal law?
They are imposed when a youth penalty would not be appropriate, but educational measures are not sufficient. Breeding means are: warnings, conditions or youth arrest. Juvenile arrest is the toughest discipline, it is imposed as leisure, short-term and permanent arrest.
What are the juvenile criminal penalties?
The juvenile criminal sanctions The basic types of juvenile criminal sanctions are educational measures, disciplinary drugs and juvenile punishment. In addition, a so-called measure of improvement and security can also be ordered for young people.
What three measures of juvenile criminal law are there?
JGG regulated. There are: warning, condition and youth arrest. Breeding materials are primarily intended for the upbringing of young people, but they also contain a repressive (punitive) character.
Are juvenile sentences entered in the certificate of good conduct?
Juvenile Court Act (JGG) and breeding materials according to §§ 12 ff. JGG are not entered in the federal central register or in the certificate of good conduct. The conviction to a youth penalty according to §§ 17 ff. Additional penalties and measures for security and improvement are also entered in the BZR.
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