What does genetic engineering do?
The term “genetic engineering” refers to processes with which the genetic material of organisms can be artificially modified. For example, the genetic material of the organism can be recombined or parts of the genetic material of another organism can be transferred.
Are genetically engineered plants safe?
Since the introduction of genetic engineering in agriculture, however, every plant bred with genetic engineering has proven to be at least as safe and tolerable for health and the environment as plants bred using other modern or traditional methods.
Why are bacteria suitable for genetic engineering?
In addition, bacteria have a short generation time, which means that the time it takes for the individuals in a population to double is short. A particularly great advantage for genetic engineering is that bacteria can be genetically manipulated and thus the incorporation of foreign DNA is possible.
What does genetically modified mean?
“Genetically modified” is an organism whose genetic material has been modified in a way that does not occur under natural conditions through crossing or natural recombination – such as Article 2 of the European Deliberate Release Directive (2001/18/EC).
Which foods are genetically modified?
The most important genetically modified crops worldwide are maize, soybeans, cotton and canola. Many of these plants are used as animal feed. In the food chain, on the other hand, only processed products from these plants are generally used.
How is soy genetically modified?
For example, soybean plants are equipped with a gene that makes them resistant to the active ingredient glyphosate in the plant poison Roundup. If the farmer sprays this so-called broad-spectrum herbicide, every weed dies and the soya remains unharmed.
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