What factors influence eating and drinking?
Many different factors such as available time, taste, advertising, upbringing, knowledge and hormones influence eating behavior. With a healthy diet, both qualitative and quantity-dependent aspects must be taken into account.
How did people eat in the Stone Age?
The diet consists mainly of vegetables, meat (from game), berries, fish, seafood, shellfish, eggs, fruit as well as herbs, mushrooms, nuts, chestnuts and honey. Avoid milk and milk products, as well as cereals and cereal products such as bread.
What does our body need to stay healthy?
The most important are proteins, carbohydrates and fats. But there are numerous other substances that the body needs for important processes such as growth, cell renewal, organ functions and health.
What does the human body need on a daily basis?
Minerals: Table with the most important elementsMineral substance use in the bodyDaily recommendation (adults)CopperSkin, hair, blood, bones, circulatory system1.01.5 mgCalciumBlood, bones, heart, teeth, skin1000 mgPotassiumSkin, blood, heart, kidneys, muscles, nerves2000 mgIodineThyroid gland, hair, Nails, Skin, Teeth200 g9 more rows
What vitamins and minerals do people need every day?
Mineral reference valueCalciumWomen: 1,000 mg Men: 1,000 mgPhosphorusWomen: 700 mg Pregnant women: 800 mg Breastfeeding women: 900 mg men: 700 mgMagnesiumWomen: 300 mg Pregnant women: 310 mg Breastfeeding women: 390 mg men: 350 mgIronwomen: 15 mg Pregnant women: 30 mg Breastfeeding women: 20 mg men : 10 mg7 •
What nutrients does my body need every day?
The need for the main nutrients protein, fat and carbohydrates should be met daily. In addition to the main nutrients, fiber, vitamins, minerals and water are other important substances that should be supplied daily with food.
Which and how many vitamins does the body need every day?
How many vitamins do you need per day? Amount per day Female Emp. Amount per day MenB2 (riboflavin)1.2 mg1.4 mgB12 (cobalamin)3.0 µg3.0 µgfolic acid400 µg400 µg13
How many vitamins and minerals per day?
Reference values only for vitamins and mineralsVitamin / mineral NRV per day Daily intake recommended by the DGE for 25-50 year olds (m/f)Thiamine / B1 (mg)1,11,2 / 1.0Riboflavin / B2 (mg)1,41,4 / 1,1Niacin / B3 (mg)1615 /12Vitamin B6 (mg)1,41,6 / 1,423
What happens when you consume too many minerals?
Too much of certain minerals can do more harm than good to the body. For example, an uncontrolled, excessive intake of calcium can lead to kidney stones and impaired kidney function if there is a predisposition.
Which vitamins can be overdosed in the body?
Excessive amounts of vitamin B6, nicotinic acid (niacin), vitamin D, vitamin B12 and vitamin E as well as the trace elements zinc, selenium and copper are particularly common.
Where are vitamins and minerals found?
MineralsPotassium. Found in spinach, bananas, kale, celery, berries, eggplant, pears. calcium. Found in green vegetables such as kale, broccoli, spinach or leeks. Iron. Found in green leafy vegetables such as spinach, kale, broccoli, lamb’s lettuce and endive. Magnesium. Copper. Manganese. Chrome.
Where are water-soluble vitamins found?
The best-known water-soluble vitamin is vitamin C. Potatoes, tomatoes, citrus fruits and many other foods contain it. The B vitamins are also essential for the body: vitamin B1, for example, is part of the nervous system. It is found in rice, pork, liver and fish.
What are water soluble vitamins?
Water-soluble vitamins are hardly stored in the body. They must therefore be supplied continuously through food, an overdose is not possible. Vitamin B12 is an exception in this respect, because the liver can store this vitamin in large quantities.
What are water-soluble vitamins?
The water-soluble vitamins include the B vitamins and vitamin C. In contrast to the fat-soluble vitamins, they can only be stored in the body to a very limited extent. That means you have to take them very regularly.
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