What types of dialysis are there?

What types of dialysis are there?

There are different types of dialysis: hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis; other special forms are haemofiltration and haemodiafiltration.

Which substances are removed during dialysis?

Dialysis largely replaces the functions of the kidneys in people with chronic kidney disease. Hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis take over the main work of the kidneys, removing waste, toxins, excess salt and fluids from the body.

How does dialysis work?

The principle of all three methods is similar: Blood is continuously taken from the body and filtered through a membrane (dialyzer). In some cases, a rinsing fluid (dialysate) is used to wash out the substances in the blood. The cleaned blood is then returned to the body.

How long can you live on dialysis?

Today, a healthy person between the ages of 20 and 24 has a life expectancy of 60 years. On average, a dialysis patient of the same age has less than 25 years to live.

How do you feel after dialysis?

The condition improves significantly just a few days or weeks after the start of dialysis: the appetite improves, the feeling of nausea decreases and the patients feel more rested. In addition, the blood pressure normalizes and any previously existing itching disappears.

Is dialysis tiring for the patient?

Regular blood washing (dialysis) saves the life of kidney patients, because the complex technology takes over the work of the detoxification organs and cleans the blood of those affected several times a week. But the vital treatment, which lasts several hours, is exhausting for those affected and severely restricts their lives.

Is dialysis painful?

Normally you don’t feel anything from dialysis! Many patients sleep, read, watch television or do other things during dialysis. But there is a brief, painful moment before dialysis: the puncture of her dialysis shunt with two needles!

How often do you have to have dialysis?

Dialysis is usually performed three times a week. A treatment usually lasts about four to five hours. Hemodialysis usually takes place in a dialysis center, but it can also be done at home (home hemodialysis).

When is dialysis not possible?

However, when dialysis becomes necessary does not depend on a specific GFR value. Rather, the decisive factors are complaints that speak for kidney failure – or if blood pressure and water balance are derailed. If there are no such symptoms, dialysis can be delayed.

Which creatinine level is dangerous?

Urinary substances are no longer excreted in sufficient quantities and accumulate in the body (incipient urinary poisoning). Creatinine values ​​between 6 to 8 mg/dl.

Can kidneys recover?

The prospects are good in the case of acute kidney disease. Here the kidneys can recover after the treatment. Regeneration is possible even in the case of an acutely suspended kidney function. Only the risk of chronic kidney failure remains.

How can you die from kidney failure?

In chronic kidney failure, the body is gradually poisoned. Patients eventually die of malnutrition or poisoning. Even in the case of slow kidney failure, accumulation of water in the lungs and cardiac arrest due to blood potassium salts can occur.

How do you know if your kidneys are failing?

Kidney failure – symptoms: These symptoms can occur Weakness, exhaustion, fatigue. Irritability, difficulty concentrating, confusion, epileptic seizures. Loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. Shortness of breath, edema (water retention, for example in the legs) Less urine production.

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