The Jewish religion places great emphasis on responsibility under the rule of law. The Ten Commandments and the Golden Rule are examples of moral codes in Judaism. These commandments were given by God to the ancient Hebrews, and they were the first examples of a moral code. The Hebrew word for God is Yahweh, which means “God.” The Greek word for God is Elohim, and it is also the name of the God of the universe.
Judaism has a hierarchy of responsibility, with the highest court known as the Great Sanhedrin. It had 71 judges. Lower courts were smaller and contained three judges. They handled most criminal and civil cases. After the Romans destroyed the temple in Jerusalem, most Judean courts stopped operating. In countries where Jews were allowed to operate, these courts continued to administer justice.
According to the Jewish law, Jews are responsible for their behavior and must bear witness to God in everything they do. This requires them to be the example of good and right behavior. The great rabbi Hillel famously answered a pagan when he taught him about Judaism: “Don’t do evil, or you will be hated by others.”
Judaism emphasizes the power of individuals to make moral decisions. It is also concerned with the dignity of all creation, and the sensitivity to all creatures, including the earth, is a critical part of this responsibility. People are responsible for how they treat each other, and they have the power to choose between good and evil. Hence, people are responsible for their actions and should be treated accordingly.
In addition to the rule of law, Jews also have the responsibility of bearing witness to God in their daily actions. They should set a good example by their actions. The great rabbi Hillel once responded to a pagan by saying that what is hated to one person is not hated to another. A good example is a role model for other people, and a Jewish society has many of these.
The Jewish tradition emphasizes the rule of law, and holds human beings to central responsibilities. The Torah requires human beings to show compassion for nonhuman species, including the environment. It is also important for humans to be sensitive to the needs of other people, especially for animals. It is a Jewish concept that combines the concepts of the rule of law and the Golden Rule. The principle of tza’ar ba’aley hayim (love others) comes from the Judeo-Christian principles. In addition to preventing unnecessary pain to animals, the rabbis also require humans to exercise mercy towards people.