Who finances scientific studies?
These funds must be requested by the scientifically active persons who want to carry out a study. These funds often come from public research institutions such as the German Research Foundation (DFG), which receive the money primarily jointly from the federal and state governments.
What does a scientific study cost?
Billions in costs Die Studien-Republik: This is how much money the federal government spends on scientific support. The federal government has spent a total of more than 1.2 billion euros on studies in recent years.
What is human development?
Development is understood to mean all changes in the experience and behavior of a person that take place in the course of a life, are related to one another and occur continuously from conception to death.
What is meant by psychological development?
The psychological development of the individual today means “the ordered (regular), directed and long-term change in experience and behavior over the entire lifespan.
What is development geography?
From today’s perspective, when defining development, understood as a permanent improvement in living conditions for all members of a society, the complex interactions between economic, social, cultural, political and also ecological factors must be taken into account.
What is meant by the term development?
Development stands for: the physical and psychological development in the course of individual life, see developmental biology, psychological development and ontogenesis. the emergence of biological species in geological time periods, see phylogenesis.
Which countries are considered developing countries?
Brazil, Mexico, Malaysia, Singapore, South Korea). As a group of 77 (see there), the entirety of the developing countries has been involved in negotiations in most UN organizations since 1967. Another group are the oil exporting countries, some of which belong to OPEC (see there).
What are industrialized countries and what are developing countries?
An industrialized country has a high level of industrial production and the associated high standard of living. Developing countries or emerging economies are the opposite. An industrial country or industrial country is a country with highly developed industrial production and a relatively high level of prosperity.
What are the industrialized countries?
Industrialized countries and whoever belongs to them Industrialized countries almost always refer to these countries: North America – USA and Canada. Europe – UK, Germany and France. Asia – Japan.
What do we understand by industrialized countries?
Name for countries whose economy is mainly supported by industry.
What are the characteristics of a developing country?
Developing countries poor food supply for large groups of the population, resulting in malnutrition and hunger, low per capita income, poverty, no or only inadequate health care, a high child mortality rate and low life expectancy.
What are developing countries examples?
Afghanistan Armenia Azerbaijan Bangladesh Bhutan Georgia India * Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Maldives Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Sri Lanka Tajikistan Turkmenistan Uzbekistan Albania Belarus Bosnia-Herzegovina Kosovo North Macedonia Moldova, Rep.
What does emerging and developing countries mean?
An emerging country is a country that is traditionally still counted among the developing countries, but no longer has their typical characteristics. Therefore, such a country is conceptually separated from the developing countries. Emerging countries are usually characterized by a strong contrast between rich and poor.
Why is the term developing country problematic?
However, the term is linguistically problematic and carries the risk of being interpreted as backward, underdeveloped or undeveloped. In doing so, it can have an offensive effect on the representatives of these countries. At the same time, it is assumed that these countries are really developing.
What else do you call developing countries?
There are a number of synonyms for the term “developing country”, such as “Third World” or “Fourth World”, “Global South” or “Trikont”. These terms – like “developing country” – are partly controversial and are rejected by some experts.
Why are countries underdeveloped?
The reason for the underdevelopment lies in the internal conditions of the country itself. The underdevelopment is not seen as a permanent condition, but only as an early stage in the development towards an industrial society.
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