Who Invented the Constitution?
A supra-regional German constitution was first put into effect in 1867, namely the constitution for the North German Confederation. The design was created under the leadership of Otto von Bismarck and was accepted by the individual states of northern Germany.
When was the constitution created?
Basic law for the Federal Republic of GermanyBasic dataLegal matter:Constitutional lawReferences:100-1Enacted on:23. May 1949 (Federal Law Gazette p. 1) entry into force on: 24. May 1949, 12:00 a.m.10 more lines
Why was the Basic Law written?
Creation of the Basic Law After the end of the National Socialist dictatorship, such a body of legislation was necessary in order to codify basic rights and democracy, among other things. The parliamentary council consisted of 65 members of the eleven state parliaments from the western occupation zones.
When did the Basic Law become a constitution?
The Basic Law was given after the end of National Socialism and the Second World War. Like other constitutions, it also had a constitutive importance for the new state, because the promulgation of the Basic Law on May 23, 1949 also marked the birth of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Does Germany have a constitution or just a basic law?
The Basic Law, which was promulgated on 1 May 1949, actually only applied to “West Germany”, i.e. the Federal Republic of Germany at the time. On May 30, 1949, the GDR adopted its own constitution. In the course of reunification, the Basic Law was then declared the constitution of the whole of Germany.
Who wrote the German Basic Law?
Konrad Adenauer announces the Basic Law.
Who are the fathers of the Basic Law?
Even if the “fathers of the Basic Law” are spoken of at the time, four women (6%) were among the deputies, namely Friederike Nadig (SPD), Elisabeth Selbert (SPD), Helene Weber (CDU) and Helene Wessel (centre). who are now referred to as the mothers of the Basic Law.
Who does the German law apply to?
In principle, the basic rights apply to the citizen and against the state. These are individual rights to defend against state regulations and prohibitions. This is the classic liberal understanding of fundamental rights, which was also taken up by the Basic Law.
Where can I get the Basic Law from?
Anyone who still prefers the Basic Law in paper form can order a free copy from the Federal Agency for Civic Education while stocks last.
How many basic laws are there in Germany?
The Basic Law (GG) consists of 15 sections, which are made up of 146 articles. It is preceded by a preamble which obliges the state organs to strive for national unity in Germany. Section I (Articles 1-19) sets out fundamental rights.
To whom do German fundamental rights apply?
Fundamental rights protect the individual from the state. Fundamental rights are state-guaranteed freedom and equality rights that protect the individual from the state. They bind all three pillars of state power and limit their power.
Who does the Constitution apply to?
The constitution must therefore be accepted by all citizens of a state, but above all by the political parties and their representatives in parliament. It should be the basis of their political actions. Some constitutional laws can only be changed with the consent of the Bundesrat.
What fundamental rights are there?
Article 1. [Menschenwürde – Menschenrechte – Rechtsverbindlichkeit der Grundrechte] Article 2. [Persönliche Freiheitsrechte] Article 3. [Gleichheit vor dem Gesetz] Article 4. [Glaubens- und Gewissensfreiheit] Article 5. [Freiheit der Meinung, Kunst und Wissenschaft] Article 6. [Ehe – Familie – Kinder] Article 7. Article 8.
Is health a fundamental right?
Article 2, paragraph 2 of the Basic Law says: “Everyone has the right to life and physical integrity. This fundamental right is under massive threat from the corona pandemic. The health and life of older people and younger people with pre-existing conditions is under serious threat.
Are all fundamental rights equal?
Fundamental rights are something very similar: their content is often identical to human rights. The difference is that the state itself has recognized them, they are guaranteed by the state, just like the basic rights are in the Basic Law.
What fundamental rights are guaranteed?
The Basic Law guarantees basic freedom, equality and inviolability rights that individuals in Germany are entitled to vis-à-vis the state, but also in society in general (Art. 1-17, 33, 101-104 GG).
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