Why did the industrial revolution happen?
The most important reason for England’s pioneering role in the Industrial Revolution was the inventions made mainly by English scientists. As a result, the new technologies could be used more quickly and cheaply in factories and companies.
How did people live before industrialization?
Before industrialization, almost 80 percent of the population in Germany was employed in agriculture. The supply of the people with food depended above all on the harvests. Even with the high price of bread, the English working-class family was still able to provide for itself better than the German family.
What were the prerequisites for the industrial revolution?
Prerequisites for industrialization in England were: profitable trade in African slaves, the largest merchant fleet in the world and a powerful sea fleet to protect them and the colonies, cheap import and processing of cotton and other raw materials from the colonies, large and light …
What downsides did industrialization have?
These were the downsides of industrialization, which also affected nature: stuffy air and polluted rivers were the ecological consequences that the industrial revolution brought with it.
Why was the invention of the steam engine so important?
This technology only became possible through the inventions of the industrial revolution: through the drive of the steam engine. She created the basic conditions for life as we know it today. It not only simplified transport, but also revolutionized the production of goods.
Why did the railway become the engine of industrialization in Germany?
The railway is one of the most important inventions of the industrial revolution: it not only enabled the rapid transport of raw materials, goods and people, but also created a very high demand for machines, steel and iron.
Which means of transport was first used in Germany from 1839?
In 1839 the Gutehoffnungshütte in Oberhausen-Sterkrade built the first steam locomotive in the Ruhr area, the RUHR. In 1840 August Borsig presented his first steam locomotive, the BORSIG, in Prussian Berlin.
How long did industrialization last?
The Industrial Revolution was the breakthrough phase of industrialization in Germany, the beginning of which Hubert Kiesewetter dates to 1815 and Friedrich-Wilhelm Henning to 1835. This was preceded by the periods of pre- and early industrialization.
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