What do you absolutely have to consider when reporting a fire?
Respond correctly in the event of a fireKeep calm, don’t panic! To report a fire! Warn employees and other persons! Switch off ventilation, transport and heating systems! Leave danger areas immediately! walk crouched! Carry out specified measures in accordance with the fire protection regulations!More entries…
What are typical causes of fire in the home?
Excessive heat, open flames and electricity are the most common causes of fire in German homes. Many fires could have been avoided if people had been careful about potential hazards.
What important principle do you have to keep in mind when bringing patients to a collection point?
Assembly points must always be set up in such a way that the designated escape routes (main escape route and secondary escape route) lead to them in a logical, simple and as direct way as possible. Every person within the structure to be evacuated must be able to get to the safe area quickly and easily.
Which 3 components does the fire need to develop?
Three things are needed for a fire: fuel, heat and oxygen. In the heat, the fuel reacts with the oxygen in the air, oxidation occurs. This means that the molecules of the fuel combine with the oxygen and heat is released in the process.
Which factors can trigger a fire if they occur simultaneously?
Three conditions must be met for a fire to occur: the presence of a flammable substance, the supply of air, and the ignition temperature of the flammable substance being reached.
How does a fire start give three examples?
How is a fire created? Give three examples: a. Hot fat ignites in a pan on the stovetop. Combustible material, oxygen and the right temperature are needed for a fire to start and keep burning.
What is fire anyway?
The fire (from the equivalent Middle High German viur, Old High German fiur) refers to “the visible appearance of a combustion” with the emission of heat and light, whereby a fire “depending on the aggregate state of the combustible substance […] as a flame and/or embers”.
What erasure methods are there?
Various methods are available for this: Cooling (lowering the temperature below the ignition temperature), eg water, water extinguisher. Suffocate (cut off oxygen supply), eg carbon dioxide extinguisher, fire blanket. Inhibition (direct intervention in the combustion process), eg powder extinguisher.
How can a gasoline fire be extinguished?
Putting water on burning gasoline causes the burning gasoline floating on the water to scatter everywhere. This spreads the fire even further. The extinguishing agent foam is more suitable here.
How should you extinguish a metal fire?
Firefighting and extinguishing agents Metal fire extinguishing powder consists of salt (alkaline or alkaline earth chlorides; mostly sodium chloride, more rarely barium chloride) with additives. Magnesium fires can also be extinguished by covering with gray iron powder or turnings.
How do you prevent fires in the hospital?
The fire extinguishers are clearly visible and easily accessible. If fires in fire classes C, D, F can be ruled out, in order to avoid consequential damage, e.g. B. To avoid extinguishing powder, use water or foam extinguishers (A, B extinguishers) if possible.
How often are there fires in hospitals?
Every year at least 26 hospitals and 53 nursing homes suffer a significant fire, every 14 days in the hospital and every 7 days in the nursing home. Every year, 25 patients and/or residents die in the flames or die from smoke inhalation.
Which extinguishing agent for what?
Therefore, an extinguishing agent must be used that not only fights the flames, but also extinguishes the embers. Water is very well suited for this, or fire extinguishers filled with foam or powder.
What happens if there is a fire in the hospital?
“In the event of a fire, patients and visitors stay in the rooms as long as possible,” explains Roland Schultheiss. That also makes sense because the danger is not so much from the fire but from the smoke. “If it is inhaled, it can lead to poisoning. “That should be prevented as much as possible.
Who is the most important contact person for the clinic when it comes to questions about fire protection?
The fire protection officer takes on fire prevention tasks (checking the escape routes, reporting and eliminating sources of danger, regular functional tests of the extinguishing agents, etc.) and serves as the central contact for all fire protection issues in the building.
Which substance produces the most smoke?
The most common are: carbon dioxide (CO2) carbon monoxide (CO) soot
Why is the smoke so dangerous?
What makes fire smoke so dangerous? Depending on the cause of the fire, the smoke contains toxic substances that enter the organism via the lungs and damage the surface of the lungs. These are, for example, carbon monoxide, hydrochloric acid or cyanide compounds, which can arise when plastic veneers burn.
How is smoke created?
Smoke is an aerosol mostly produced by combustion processes in a very finely distributed form of exhaust gases, dust particles (soot, fly ash, unburned matter) and fog droplets (water, oil vapors, acid vapors).
Why is the smoke black?
However, the dark smoke can also be a sign of insufficient chimney draft. It can also protect the house from heavy smoke ingress, as it can ensure that the smoke from the stove fire does not get into the living room in an emergency.
Visit the rest of the site for more useful and informative articles!