What is the difference between bookkeeping and accounting?
Accounting is the organizational unit of a company that deals with bookkeeping. The terms bookkeeping and bookkeeping are often used interchangeably as an activity. In business administration, the term accounting only describes the methodology or activity.
What is the difference between an accountant and a financial accountant?
The previous training makes the difference! Only those who have passed the examination at the Chamber of Industry and Commerce may call themselves accountants. Financial accountant, on the other hand, is anyone who has to do with bookkeeping.
What is a personal account?
Account for the sole proprietor or partner in a partnership to record his withdrawals and his contributions during the financial year. The private account is closed as a sub-account of the capital account via this.
What Counts in G/L Accounts?
G/L accounts include inventory accounts, profit and loss accounts, and mixed accounts. The asset positions are shown on the active stock accounts, the liabilities and equity on the passive stock accounts. The income accounts include the expense and income accounts.
What does total ledger accounts mean?
All inventory accounts and profit and loss accounts of a company count as general ledger accounts. G/L accounts, like all accounts in bookkeeping, are managed as so-called T-accounts. The debit side (DEPOSIT) of the account is always on the left side. The credit side (HABEN) is accordingly the right side of the ledger account.
What are balance sheet accounts?
Balance sheet accounts are all accounts on a balance sheet. These are the fixed and current assets accounts on the one hand, and the capital account and liabilities on the other.
Which accounts are included in the income statement?
The P&L account is a sub-account of the equity account. In the examples from Tables 1a and 2a, we have prepared the income statement and determined the annual balance. This completes the expense and income accounts. You now close the P&L account via the equity account.
Which accounts are active and which are passive?
Asset accounts are all accounts that are on the assets side of the balance sheet. Liability accounts, on the other hand, are any accounts that are on the liability side of the balance sheet, such as equity, trade payables, or mortgages.
What is meant by profit accounts?
Designation for the accounts in accounting that record business transactions that affect the success of a company as expenses or income. Profit and loss accounts are closed via the profit and loss account (profit and loss account (P&L)), which shows the company’s success (profit, loss).
What are examples of profit accounts?
They are sub-accounts of equity. There are two types of income accounts: Expense accounts. The expenses of a company are recorded there, for example wages and salaries, depreciation, advertising or expenses for raw materials and supplies.
What are profit and loss accounts and inventory accounts?
Inventory accounts are the accounts of the balance sheet, these are carried forward each year, ie the ending balance of the old year is the beginning balance of the new year. Profit and loss accounts are the accounts of the income statement, they are accounted for at the end of the year via the profit and loss account or stock accounts have an opening balance, income accounts do not.
Which accounts are expense and income accounts?
The expense and income accounts represent sub-accounts of equity because they directly affect it as additions = income = credit and disposals = expenses = debit. However, they are not closed directly via the equity account, but via the profit and loss account.
Which accounts belong to the expense accounts?
Expense Accounts: Profit and loss accounts that reduce equity are called expense accounts. The expenses of a company are posted to these accounts. Expenses can be, for example: wages, salaries, expenses for raw materials, supplies and supplies, office supplies, advertising.
Is an income account active or passive?
This is sales revenue. This revenue would then be posted to the revenue account. It should now be noted that expenses are active accounts and income accounts are passive accounts.
Which account classes are active and which are passive?
Book of the HGB with the Accounting Directive Act of December 12, 1985 and is based on the structure of a balance sheet. Account classes 0 and 1 for fixed and current assets form the assets side of the balance sheet, account classes 2 and 3 for equity and debt capital form the liabilities side.
Were active or passive?
Goods (Inventory) This is an active inventory account. At the beginning of the financial year, the opening inventory of the goods is carried forward in debit. The resulting balance of the goods account shows the change in stock.
Is bank a passive account?
Equity is a liability account because it represents personal credit. The owner basically gave himself a loan. Bank/cash register, on the other hand, are active accounts, since this is where the daily income and expenses are posted.
What is an active inventory account?
In the asset accounts, also known as asset accounts or active stock accounts, the opening balance is always in the debit. Additions are also posted as debits. Disposals, on the other hand, are in credit. The closing balance is a credit balance.
Which accounts are active inventory accounts?
Examples of active stock accounts are: land, buildings, vehicles, stock of goods, cash, bank. The opening stock and stock increases are posted in the debit.
What are active and passive?
A company’s balance sheet distinguishes between assets (assets) and liabilities (liabilities). The excess of assets over liabilities is referred to as net assets or equity. The liability side (capital or financing side) shows who provided capital to the company.
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