What were the consequences of the conquest of Tenochtitlan for the Aztecs?
After conquering the Aztec Empire, the Spanish established the Viceroyalty of New Spain. As a result, many adventurers and settlers came to central Mexico from Spain, while Christianity supplanted the Aztec religion and much of the indigenous culture was wiped out.
What were Cortez’ goals?
The aim of the Spaniard Hernando Corts, who was born in Medelln in Estremadura in 1485, was to seek fame and money in the new world at the expense of old cultures. From Cuba he undertook a conquest of Mexico in 1519.
How did the Spanish defeat the Aztecs?
Between 15 and 15 the Spaniards conquered the Aztec Empire in present-day Mexico. In February 1519, the Spanish conqueror HERNN CORTS set sail for the Central American coast with 11 ships, over 600 soldiers, 14 guns and 16 horses.
Why did the Aztec empire fall?
The high losses suffered by the Aztecs were due to the superior weapons of the Spaniards, but hundreds of thousands of Indians from other tribes also fought on their side. The Spaniards were extremely brutal and cruel throughout the campaign, including against the civilian population.
Why are the Aztecs an advanced civilization?
Religion was very important to the Aztecs. They had strict beliefs, for example, they believed that the path of life was determined by the constellation of the stars. The Aztecs also made sacrifices to the gods there. Because of this developed religion, we also call it a high culture today.
What was the Aztec Empire?
The Aztec Empire arose from the Aztec Triple Alliance of the three city-states of Tenochtitlan, Texcoco and Tlacopan in present-day Mexico, which traces its roots back to 1428.
What kind of people were the Aztecs?
The Aztecs (from Nahuatl aztecatl, German about “someone who comes from Aztlán”) were members of a Mesoamerican civilization that created an advanced civilization between the 14th and the early 16th Between 15 the Aztecs were finally conquered by the Spanish under Hernán Cortés subject.
What did the Aztecs do?
The most respected were the goldsmiths and those who made magnificent headdresses from feathers. Paid with cocoa beans. Cities and peoples that the Aztecs conquered had to pay tribute to them. That was groceries, skins, bird feathers, cotton blankets, cocoa or workers.
What was the Inca Empire?
The Inca Empire or Empire of Four Parts (Quechua: Tawantinsuyu) was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America. The administrative, political, and military center of the empire was in the city of Cusco in present-day Peru.
How big was the Inca Empire?
When Tupac Inca Yupanqui died in 1493, the Inca ruled over 250 peoples and more than nine million people. Their empire stretches 5,000 kilometers from north to south.
How big was the Inca Empire?
The Inca Empire and its history The capital was Cuzco in the Altiplano plateau, 300 km from Lima today. At the peak of their power, the almost 1 million km² large dominion of the Incas stretched over Peru, Bolivia and north-west Argentina, in the south to Chile and in the north over the whole of Ecuador.
Where did the Incas used to live?
to the 16th century there was a large empire in western South America: that of the Incas. Its capital was Cusco in present-day Peru. The Inca Empire was destroyed by the Spanish conquerors under Francisco Pizarro.
Where did the Mayan Incas and Aztecs live?
Where did the Maya, Inca and Aztecs live? The Aztecs lived in Central and South America from the 14th to the 16th centuries.
Where do the Incas live today?
Today the descendants of the Incas mainly live in Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador and Argentina.
How do the Incas live?
The Inca were a high culture, an ancient people, in South America. At first they lived around their capital, Cusco, which is now in Peru. From 1438 until the arrival of the Spaniards, the Inca Empire conquered many areas in the area, especially in the Andes mountains. The Incas worshiped the sun as their supreme god.
Where is the Inca gold?
Century from Ecuador via Peru to Chile and Argentina. From their cultural and political center of Cusco, they controlled an empire with over 200 different ethnic groups. They extracted considerable amounts of gold from the Andes, which they processed into elaborate works of art.
Why aren’t the Incas anymore?
September 1572 ended. Before the Europeans arrived on the coast, the Incas were unaware of the existence of a world outside the Andes. War broke out after Huayna Capac, the last undisputed Inca ruler, died about 15.
Why did the Incas create terraced fields?
The Inca Terraces are stepped, terraced slopes created by the Incas to allow more crops to be grown to prevent famine and provide food for a greater number of people.
Who Exterminated the Incas?
The Spanish conquest of Peru in 15 by Francisco Pizarro ended the rule of the Inca Empire over large parts of western South America and, together with the conquest of Mexico, finally made Spain a world power in the early modern period.
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