What is equality?
Equality (occasionally and above all in the political or philosophical context French galit) means the agreement of a plurality of objects, persons or circumstances in a certain characteristic with differences in other characteristics.
What is equality before the law?
Article 3 of the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany belongs to the first section (fundamental rights) and guarantees equality before the law, gender equality and prohibits discrimination and preferential treatment on the basis of certain characteristics.
What is equality before the law?
Equality before the law is one of the basic principles of the rule of law: all citizens are equal before the law. In the 19th century, most other states do not know the term, where the rule of law is synonymous with constitutional state or democracy.
Are human rights a law?
The laws of a country normally only apply to people who are in the country. Human rights are innate rights that every person is entitled to. You can’t take them away from anyone and they are inalienable, so they cannot be sold.
Who controls whether human rights are respected?
If the violations come from the state, the International Court of Justice in The Hague is responsible. Because so many different institutions deal with the issue of human rights within the UN, the office of a High Commissioner for Human Rights was introduced in 1993 (http://www.ohchr.org).
Who fights for human rights?
At 3 a.m. Eleanor Roosevelt, Chair of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, proclaimed the “Universal Declaration of Human Rights”. She became a signpost and reference point for people all over the world in the struggle for a decent life without fear and terror.
What rights does a person have?
Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of occupation, to fair and favorable working conditions and to protection against unemployment. Everyone, without discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work.
How are human rights defined?
Human rights are pre-state rights that every human being has in relation to the organized collectives (in particular the states). “Pre-state” means that human rights are not conferred by the state, but that, conversely, it should be a main task of every state to protect human rights.
What if there were no human rights?
Without human rights there would be no variety of media (books, computer games, films, newspapers), there would be no right to your own opinion, no freedom of religion, no freedom to travel and you would not be able to decide who you marry.
What can be done against violations of human rights?
How can one defend oneself against the violation of human rights? In general, in the case of human rights violations, it is advisable for victims to contact NGOs that specialize in prosecuting human rights violations. These include, for example, Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International.
What does the UN do with countries that do not respect human rights?
If a government does not respect human rights, then the countries of the UN try to force them to change that. This is to prevent governments from doing what they want with the people. If a country does not respect human rights, other countries may stop selling to that country.
Which institution monitors whether the member states of the United Nations comply with human rights?
The Human Rights Council is a subsidiary body of the General Assembly. He is directly accountable to all member states of the United Nations.
Are human rights the same all over the world?
The idea is simple: All people are equal – and that really means everyone, there are no exceptions, such as gender, origin or disability. Just because they are human, everyone has certain rights, everywhere and always, also in other countries, even in prison. These rights are called human rights.
How can human rights be enforced?
International enforcement: treaty committees, UN Human Rights Council, International Criminal Courts) and regional (eg European Court of Human Rights, Inter-American Court of Human Rights, European Committee for the Prevention of Torture) supranational enforcement bodies.
Who can violate human rights?
No one, even if he or she has committed a serious crime, can lose their human rights. The state must not violate human rights even in the case of mass murderers; they can at most be restricted (cf. the next two questions).
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