What does contrapuntal mean?
Word meaning/definition: 1) Music: melodically and rhythmically independent voice (independent counter-voice to the topic, equal “partner” of the other voice(s) in a polyphonic movement). 2) Music: the art or technique of inventing counter-voices to given sequences of tones.
What is a fugue in music?
The fugue is characterized by a special arrangement of imitations at the beginning of the composition: a musical theme is repeated in different voices at different times, beginning at different pitches (usually alternately on the root and the fifth). …
What is an invention in music?
In a narrower sense, the term invention refers to pieces that are developed from a musical idea (soggetto or theme). They consist of the idea (inventio) and its subsequent elaboration (elaboratio).
What is a space joint?
Joints generally denote an intended or tolerance-related space between components or materials. In buildings, joints are usually used to equalize tension and prevent cracks; however, a distinction is made between a large number of joint types.
Where do you need expansion joints?
Where do you need expansion joints in parquet? First and foremost, expansion joints are to be considered when laying parquet in the edge areas of the room. The basic rule is a wall distance of at least 2 mm per meter of floor – so if the room is 4 m wide, an 8 mm expansion joint is required.
What types of feet are there?
Typesconnecting joint. Connection joints are inevitable when two different components meet and the gap formed cannot be filled, plastered over or wallpapered over. construction joint. structural joint. movement joint. varicose veins. masonry joint. space joint. shadow gap.
What types of joints are there?
There are many different types of joints in the construction industry…Fuge connecting joint. construction joint. structural joint. Movement joint (expansion joint) Wall joint. space joint. dummy joint. maintenance joint.
What is a dummy joint?
Depending on the type of movement to be expected, the movement joint is also called an expansion and settlement joint. Dummy joints are arranged at points where the concrete is supposed to crack when high stresses occur (predetermined crack point). For this reason, they partially cut through the concrete cross-section (about a third).
What are movement joints?
Movement joints are all types of joints that allow movement between parts of the building, surface parts or individual structural parts and reduce harmful stresses.
Why have tile joints?
Tilers know: Joints between individual tiles – regardless of the laying variant – are necessary to ensure the long-term quality and safety of the tile covering. In addition to compensating for dimensional tolerances, this also includes reducing tension in the floor covering.
Which grout color for which tiles?
For a harmonious character, it is advisable to choose a grout color from the same color family or even “tone on tone” to the tile. In other words: A white tile gets a white to at most silver-grey joint, a brown tile a joint color from brown to beige.
Which grout for porcelain stoneware?
In terms of joint widths, DIN 18352 specifies joint widths of 2 to 8 mm for dry-pressed, rectified or calibrated tiles (for extruded ceramic tiles and slabs with edge lengths of up to 30 cm, 4-10 mm). However, a joint of less than 6 mm is not sufficient for outdoor use.
How wide should tile joints be?
According to the recommendations of the Natural Stone Association (as well as according to DIN EN 18157 execution of ceramic claddings in the thin-bed method), tiles with an edge length of up to 60 cm should have a joint width of at least 3 mm and larger tiles should be laid with a joint width of at least 5 mm.
What joint width for terrace slabs?
Now lay the terrace slabs in the mortar bed. When doing so, think of a sufficient width of the joints, which should be 3 to 5 mm – the joint to the house wall should be a bit wider. This compensates for fluctuations in the terrace caused by weather and temperatures.
Which joint width at 30×30?
Furthermore, the following joint widths are specified in DIN 18352 (link to DIN 18352): Dry-pressed ceramic tiles and slabs up to 10 cm side length: 1mm to 3mm. With a side length of more than 10 cm: 2mm to 8mm. Extruded ceramic tiles and slabs with edge lengths up to 30cm: 4mm to 10mm.
How big are regular tiles?
For floor tiles, the dimensions of 20 x 20 cm and 30 x 30 cm are particularly common, and 25 x 25 cm are also often found in stores. The largest commonly available floor tiles are 41 x 41 cm in size, but the dimensions 30 x 60 cm are also very common in floor tiles on the market.
What size tiles for small bathroom?
Larger XXL tiles are best suited for small bathrooms. You should not shy away from choosing large formats, because they help you to make the bathroom appear more spacious and therefore larger. For example, tiles in the 30x90cm format can be laid horizontally on the walls.
How do I calculate how many tiles I need?
Faster and easier: calculating the areas If you want to make things a little easier for yourself, multiply the length of the floor by its width for floor tiles. In this way you can determine the area for which you need tiles.
Visit the rest of the site for more useful and informative articles!